1. Removing a load bearing wall.

Load bearing walls are often constructed in brick or block but may also be timber stud. Identification of load bearing walls in older properties in UK build of masonry can be relatively straight forward and a structural engineer or builder should be able to give you advice after making a simple inspection. Load bearing walls normally support other walls on upper floor, floor/ceiling joist spanning on them or roof structure.
For smaller openings up to 1.2m in load bearing walls there are many standard lintels (IG or Catnic), but our advice is to always ask an engineer to specify the lintel or steel beam if required so that you have complete peace of mind. If the opening is larger propping and needling will be needed to support it and new steel beam/s are to be inserted. For the sizing of the steel beam/s and the padstones (aka structural calculations) you will have to hire a structural engineer and this is the only path for you to get a building certificate for your alteration/extension works. Click HERE to see an example of structural steel beam calculations or HERE to find out how to order one.

 NB! Please keep in mind that even if the wall is non load bearing it might be a buttressing one e.g. it supports laterally other load bearing wall, so our advice is always ask for expert's opinion and local building control approval before demolishing any wall at your property.

Did you now that? Clear spans of timber floor/ceiling joists between supports will rarely exceed 4.5 meters.
Some old properties do not have adequate foundations under their ground floor load bearing internal walls and the wall is build over a timber plate spanning on few brick piers.

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